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JANN - In the D&C somewhere between 120-130 I was left with the impression that at the time of Moses that the Melchezidek priesthood had been taken from the earth and only the aaronic priesthood was left because of the wickedness of the people.

JOEL - Adam was the first to receive the Melchizedek priesthood:

"And thus all things were confirmed unto Adam, by an holy ordinance" (Moses 5:59).

This authority was delegated to others in an unbroken chain from one prophet to another. Moses received the Melchizedek Priesthood from his father-in-law, Jethro (D&C 84:6). After Israel rebelled and rejected the higher law, the Lord took Moses and the fulness of the priesthood from them, and what remained with the people was the Aaronic Priesthood, a priesthood with limited authority. The Joseph Smith translation of the Bible tells us:

"for I will take away the Priesthood out of their midst; therefore my holy order (or the Melchizedek) and the ordinances thereof, shall not go before them; for my presence shall not go up in their midst, lest I destroy them. But I will give unto them the law as at the first, but it shall be after the law of a carnal commandment; for I have sworn in my wrath that they shall not enter into my presence, into my rest, in the days of their pilgrimage." (JST Exodus 34:1-2).

Although the general public no longer had access to the Melchizedek priesthood after the time of Moses, individual prophets were still given this priesthood at various times by God, such as Ezekiel, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and Elijah, who was the last of the Old Testament prophets to hold the Melchizedek priesthood. According to Joseph Smith "All the prophets had the Melchizedek Priesthood"(TPJS, p. 181), but after Moses it was restricted from the general populace.

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